The course covers the period from mid-15th to early 19th c. and focuses on the making of a new and secular identity with regard to the Ancient Greeks (“Modern Hellenes”), instead of the traditional/religious self-determination (Greek-orthodox Christians /Romioi) which was permanently cultivated throughout the whole period by ottoman and ecclesiastical authorities. Within this context, the lectures examine the status of Romioi under ottoman administration; the social stratification and power relations among them; the ecclesiastical and local administrative institutions; the economic activities and trends and the growth of the Greek-speaking merchant communities in Europe. Special emphasis is given to the secularization of the intellectual life during 18th c. due to the spreading of Enlightenment’s ideas, as well as to the rivalries between traditional-ecclesiastical and modern scholars since the eve of 19th c.
At the end of the semester students will be able to identify, describe and analyze:
Week #1: Introduction.
Week #2: Romioi under ottoman rule.
Week #3: The Greek-Orthodox Church.
Week #4: The communal system.
Week #5: Armed Christians.
Week #6: Social stratification, elites and power relations.
Week #7: The Phanariotes: a distinguished social group.
Week #8: Economy: main features and trends.
Week #9: Merchant networks and communities.
Week #10: Secularization of intellectual life.
Week #11: Neo-Hellenic Enlightenment.
Week #12: The making of ‘New Hellenism’.
Week #13: Conclusions.
The lectures are conducted in classroom (direct instructions) with the help of PowerPoint and are supported by printed and electronic material.