THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE: INSTITUTIONS AND SOCIETY
Teaching Staff: Laiou Sophia
Course Code: ΙΟΘ101
Course Type: Compulsory
Course Level: Undergraduate
Course Language: Greek
Delivery method: In the classroom
The course examines the following topics: the political and social context of the establishment of the emirate of Osman in the Asia Minor and its expansion to the Balkans; the gradual transformation of the emirate into a multienthnic empire; the political beliefs of the Ottoman statesmen; the succession system of the Ottoman sultans; the military slaves and the devşirme; the central and provincial administration; the urban and the agricultural economic structures; the internal and external Ottoman trade; the legal and educational system; the structure of the Ottoman army; the Ottoman literature and historiography.
Objectives - Learning Outcomes:
The course aims to the familiarization of the students with the institutions of the Ottoman empire. After the successful completion of the course, the students will be able to understand the ways the empire functioned and how it affected the lives of its Muslim and non-Muslim inhabitants, both in Rumeli and Anatolia.
1st week: The Turkic tribes from Central Asia to Anatolia. The most important political developments in Anatolia in the 13th and 14th centuries.
2nd week: the establishment of the emirate by Osman and its development during Orhan’s reign.
3rd week: The Ottomans in the Balkans and the expansion of their rule in Anatolia.
The conquest of Constantinople.
4th week: A chronology of the important political developments. The Ottoman political system: beliefs, succession, and legalization of the Ottoman sultans.
5th week: Central administration: military slaves and the devşirme, the administrative structure of the Palace, the office of the Grand Vezir and other high offices, the harem
6th week: Provincial administration: the timariotic system and its decline, the state lands and the methods of their exploitation.
7th week: the landholding system, çiftliks and the strengthening of the local elders.
8th week: the structure of the Ottoman city, the Ottoman guilds and their relations with the state.
9th week: the legal system in the Ottoman empire and the function of the court.
10th week: the structure of the Ottoman army and navy, military technology, and reformative measures.
11th week: the Islam of the Ottoman empire, the turn to conservatism, the Islamic mysticism, and its orders.
12th week: Ottoman literature and historiography
13th week: an overview of the most significant topics.
Χ. Ιναλτζίκ, Η οθωμανική αυτοκρατορία. Η κλασική εποχή, 1300-1600, Αθήνα, 1995· Χ. Ινάλτζικ-Ντ. Κουάτερτ, Κοινωνική και οικονομική ιστορία της οθωμανικής αυτοκρατορίας, τ. Α-Β, Αθήνα 2009- 2011· Ντ. Κουάτερτ, Η οθωμανική αυτοκρατορία. Οι τελευταίοι αιώνες, 1700-1922, Αθήνα, 2006· D. Howard, A History of the Ottoman Empire, Cambridge 2017·B. Tezcan, The Second Ottoman Empire, Cambridge, 2010 .
Teaching, use of power point, analysis of translated Ottoman sources.
Written or oral exams.