Courses

EUROPEAN ART STUDIES 1800-1950


Teaching Staff: Martini Aitolia - Aikaterini
Course Code: ΑΙΤ202
Course Type: Compulsory Elective
Course Level: Undergraduate
Course Language: Greek
Semester: 6th
ECTS: 5

Short Description:

In the context of this course, students familiarize themselves with artworks, artists and movements that influenced the development of the dominant aesthetic trends in Europe of during the so-called modern era. A significant part of the lectures is devoted to in-depth analysis of exemplary and ground-breaking cases in art history which facilitated the transition from imperial academism to a more subjective, but no less oppressive mode of creative expression widely known as modernism. The course is meant to highlight the ever-changing relations of the modern artist with the classical and the medieval tradition, nature, science, industrial evolution, the development of bourgeois culture, politics and propaganda in terms of exceptional stress and conflict and the artist’s ambivalent social position and function.


Objectives - Learning Outcomes:

Through the specialist analysis of certain outstanding case studies, this course aims at highlighting all their conflicting aspects and to help the students understand the potential use of art as historical evidence. In time, further training in the use of historical-social analysis of the arts and their styles is offered, with the aim of optimal preparation for their future research and teaching assignments.


Syllabus:

Week One: Introduction to the art of the 1780-1960 period and its direct relations to the evolving “project of the Enlightenment” (scientific study on human body and psyche, connections between aesthetics and ethics, scientific inventions and discoveries). Special emphasis on the new image of antiquity and the socio-political repercussions of the emerging movement of Neoclassicism.  

Week Two: α. The contestation of didactic neoclassicism: Antonio Canova and David’s reactionary students. b. Depicting modern history: from the Seven-Year War to the 1848 revolts.

Week Three: Romanticism as a site of mental and esoteric upheavals (Fuseli, Goya, Blake). Nordic mythology and Ossian’s legend in art.

Week Four: α) Orientalism and Imperialism b) Pugin, Ruskin and the PRB: nature and medievalism as means of upholding protestant socialism in the first years of the Victorian era.

Week Five: Realism and the “painting of modern life”: art and art criticism from Courbet to Manet.

Week Six: α) Alternative academisms at the end of the nineteenth century: gender identities and social upheavals. b) Art and Society in France after the 1870 War.

Week 7: Post-Impressionism-Symbolism-Αrt Nouveau: fin-de-siecle spirit.

Week 8: Coloristic Modernisms: Les Fauves-German & Austrian Expressionism. 

Week 9: Cubism and its by-products: relativist theories and practice.

Week Ten: Russian avant-garde, revolution and civil war.

Week Eleven: Modernist myths of the subconscious: Metaphysical art- Dada-Surrealism.

Week Twelve: The interwar years: the healing “return to order” and the blows of militant art.

Week Thirteen: Art and cultural politics in the Anglosaxon world (1945-1975).


Suggested Bibliography:
  • Τ.Κ. Αργκάν, Η Μοντέρνα Τέχνη 1770-1970. Αθήνα, 2014
  • R. Brettell, Modern Art, 1851-1929. Oξφόρδη, 1999
  • S. Eisenmann, Nineteenth Century Art. A Critical History. Λονδίνο/Νέα Υόρκη, 1994.
  • Μ. Facos, An Introduction to Nineteenth-Century Art. Nέα Υόρκη, 2011
  • F. Frascina (επιμ.), Μοdernity and Modernism. French Art in the Nineteenth Century. Νιου Χέιβεν, 1993
  • R. Rosenblum-H. W. Janson, 19th century art. Νιου Τζέρσυ, 1984.
  • N. Στάνγκος (επιμ.), Έννοιες της μοντέρνας τέχνης. Αθήνα, 2010.

Teaching Methods:

Lectures, museum visits, presentations, mock tests. 


Evaluation Methods:

Participation to the above (10%), final written exam (60%), essays (30%).


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