ROMAN HISTORY: THE IMPERIAL PERIOD
Teaching Staff: Kralli Ioanna
Course Code: ΙΡΩ102
Course Type: Compulsory
Course Level: Undergraduate
Course Language: Greek
Delivery method: In the classroom
Αn overview of the history of the Roman Empire from the second half of the 1st BC down to the 3rd AD. Starting from the Augustan regime there are examined: α) the policies of the emperors during the first three centuries AD (till 285), b) the administration of the provinces, c) aspects of social organization, economy and culture of the empire.
Objectives - Learning Outcomes:
The students will be acquainted with the main aspects of the imperial institution (e.g. the powers of the emperor, the fragile relations between the emperor and the Senate, the cult and the apotheosis of the emperor), the mechanisms of administration and control of such a vast and heterogeneous state, and finally will be able to compare with modern ‘empires’ and their mechanisms of expansion and control.
Week #1: Synoptic review of the Respublica.Ancient sources for the Imperial era.
Week #2: Rome in modern historiography and the importance of its history in our times.
Week #3: 27 BC– AD 14. The Augustan regime and the transition from the Respublica to the Principatus. The principle of non-expansion. The new ordines: the Senate and the Equites in the time of Augustus. Military innovations; the beautification of Rome.
Week #4: The Julian-Claudian dynasty (AD 14-69): the establishment of the imperial institution – expansion to Britain and Mauritania – Nero’s philhellenism.
Week #5: The Flavian dynasty (AD 69–96): Lex de imperio Vespasiani; the war against the Jews.
Week #6: The emperors by adoption. Trajan (AD 96-117) and the expansion to the lower Danube, Arabia and Mesopotamia. Hadrian (AD 117-138): the Jewish diaspora; the philhellenic policy.
Week #7: The Antonine dynasty (AD 138-192): introduction of humanitarian principles in criminal law by Antoninus Pius; relations with the Germans and the Parthians.
The Constitutio Antoniniana (Caracalla’s edict) in AD 212
Week #8: Central administration; administration of the provinces; the army.
Week #9: the Roman society; social stratification of the poleis and special privileges.
Week #10: Economic activities; taxation.
Week #11: Religion: the imperial cult and its unifying role. Christianity and its treatment as a politically destabilizing factor.
Week #12: The crisis of the 3rd century. Diocletian, the tetrarchy and the rehabilitation of the imperial institution.
Week #13: Review
Alföldy, G. Römische Socialgeschichte, Stuttgart 1975.
Ausbüttel, F. Die Verwaltung des rōmischen Kaiserreiches. Von der Herrschaft des Augustus bis zum Niedergang des weströmischen Reiches, Darmstadt Ι998.
Buraselis, K. Οι τρόφιμοι της λύκαινας, Αthens 2017.
Garnsey, P. και Saller, R. The Roman Empire: Economy, Society and Culture, Berkeley 20152.
Christ, Κ. Geschichte der römischen Kaiserzeit von Augustus bis zu Konstantin, Μunich 2002.
Millar, F. The Roman Empire and its Neighbours, London Ι967.
Id., The Emperor in the Roman World (3Ι BC-AD 337), London Ι977.
Rostovtzeff, M. A History of the Ancient World, vol. II, trans. from the Russian by I. D. Duff and E. J. Bickerman, Rome 1960 .
3 hour lectured course. Passages from ancient literary sources as well as inscriptions are examined in class (the relevant file is uploaded on the e-class). Maps, portraits of emperors and sketches of each lecture are presented on a computer screen (file also uploaded on the e-class).
Written or oral examination at the end of the semester; in the case of failure, students are reassessed in September.