ΗISTORY OF MODERN POLITICAL THOUGHT
Teaching Staff: Nikolaidis Theodossios
Course Code: ΙΝΧ203
Course Type: Compulsory Elective
Course Level: Undergraduate
Course Language: Greek
Delivery method: In the classroom
The last couple of years the course has been dealing with Niccolò Machiavelli. The 2018-19 will also be dealing with the Florentine secreatary. Studying his works, we follow the chronological order in which there were written.
Objectives - Learning Outcomes:
Our aim is to reach an understanding of Machiavelli's works in close relation with their historical and intellectual context. In other words this course is not about the “perennial” Machiavelli.
In the last couple of years we studied the texts written by Machiavelli during the time he served as chief of the second chancellery of Florence (1498-1512), the Decenali, the Prince, the Golden Ass, Mandragora, Discourses on the first ten books of Livy and the Art of the War. We will finish this year by studying the Discursus and the History of Florence and trying to answer some of the following questions: What exactly was in 1520 the relationship between Machiavelli and the cardinal Julius of Medici on the one hand and the pope Leo X, to who the Discursus is addressed on the other? In what measure the fact that cardinal Julius asked Machiavelli to write the Florentine History influences the way he sees the history of the city? What are the differences between Machiavelli and previous historians of Florence, especially Leonardo Bruni? Does Machiavelli followedi in the Florentine History the same lines of thought he had followed in his previous works? Are there any affinities between Machiavelli and his friend Fr. Guicciardini regarding the history of Florence?
Week 1 Introduction to the history of Florence: 1250-143
Week 2 Introduction to the history of Florence: the Cosimo, Piero and Lorenzo years.
Week 3 Introduction to the history of Florence: the Soderini republic (14940-1512). Its fall. The repartiation of the Medici
Week 4 Machiavelli and the Medici from 1512 to 1520
Week 5 The Discursus: Machiavelli project or a new republican regime
Week 6 The book 3 of the Florentine History: Bruni and Machiavelli on discordie civili
Week 7 Discordie civili in Ab urbe condita and in Machiavelli's Discorsi.
Week 8 The books 4-8 of the Fl. Hist.: Cosimo and Lorenzo
Week 9 The image of Venice in the Fl. Hist.: could the Serenissima be a model for the tumultissima Florence?
Week 10 The Glory in Fl.Hist.
Week 11The role of the Church in the history of Italy: comparison between the Prince, the Discorsi and the Fl. Hist.
Week 12 The terms popolo and plebe.
Week 13 Machiavelli and Guicciardini
Week 14 The last years of Machiavelli
-John Najemy, History of Florence, Blackwell, Οξφόρδη 2006,
-Nicolai Rubinstein, The Government of Florence under the Medici (from 1434 to 1494), Clarendon Press, Οξφόρδη 1997 (2η έκδ.)
-Bruecker, Gene Renaissance Florence, Berkeley University Press, Μπέρκλεϊ, 1983
-Ridolfi, The life of N. Machiavelli, αγγλ.μετ. Cecil Grayson, Routledge, Λονδίνο 1963
-Qu. Skinner, Foundations of Modern Political Thought, Cambridge Univerity Press, Καίμπριτζ 1978 (2 τόμοι) (υπάρχει και ελληνική μετάφραση)
-Qu. Skinner, Machiavelli. A very short introduction, Oxford University Press, Οξφόρδη 1981 (υπάρχει και ελληνική μετάφραση)
The English translation by Allan Gilbert is being used for the works of Machiaveli and the English edition by John Najemy for his correspondence.
The course comprises lectures and seminars during which the texts of Machiavelli are discussed.
The students are required to write two essays of 3-4.00 words each. They must submit them in weeks 5 and 13. They are evaluated according to the their participation in the seminars and their essays.