Teaching Staff: Kralli Ioanna
Course Code: ΙΑΕ609
Course Type: Seminar
Course Level: Undergraduate
Course Language: Greek
Delivery method: In the classroom
The main subjects of the seminar course are: the change of the geo-political map in the Peloponnese after the Spartan defeat at Leuktra in 371 BC; the chronic socio-economic as well as political problems which rendered Sparta a second rate city after their defeat; the relations of the Spartans with other Peloponnesian cities, the Achaian Confederacy as well as Macedon, in the context of their attempts to re-acquire hegemony.
Objectives - Learning Outcomes:
After successfully completing the seminar the students are expected to be able to analyze and criticize the information provided by the sources, develop questions; to distinguish the elements of continuity as well as change in the social and political situation of Sparta.
Week #1: Brief review: the Spartan constitution, the society, the hegemony over the Peloponnese; Sparta in the early 4th BC.
Week #2: The change of the geo-political map after the Spartan defeat at Leuktra in 371 BC.
Week #3: Philip II of Macedon and further reduction of Spartan state.
Week #4: The War of Agis III against Macedon (331/0 BC) and the establishment of Peloponnesian attitudes towards Sparta.
Week #5: The era of the Diadochoi and the non-involvement of the Spartans from their struggle for power.
Week #6: The kingship of Areus (309-265 BC) and his attempt to restore Spartan leading role and to modernize Spartan kingship.
Week #7: Problems of property and oliganthropia (mainly on the basis of Aristotle and Plutarch)
Weeks #8 + 9: The failed attempt of Agis IV (244-241 BC) at redistribution of the land and cancellation of the debts.
Weeks #10-12: The social reforms of Kleomenes III (235-222 BC) and his attempts to restore Spartan hegemony in the Peloponnese.
Week #13: Instructions on how to approach the long essay.
Cartledge, P., Spawforth, A., Hellenistic and Roman Sparta. A Tale of Two Cities, Λονδίνο/Νέα Υόρκη 20022.
Cartledge, P., Spartan Reflections, London 2001.
Hodkinson, S., Property and Wealth in Classical Sparta, Swansea 2000.
Lévy, Ε., Sparte:. histoire politique et sociale jusqu' à la conquête romaine, Paris 2003.
Pomeroy, S. B., Spartan Women, Oxford 2002.
Walbank, F. W., The Hellenistic World, London 19812.
Will, É., Histoire politique du monde hellénistique, Nancy 1979/1982.
3 hour weekly seminar based on the study of ancient literary sources. The syllabus includes passages from Xenophon’s Hellenika, Aristotle’s Politics, Diodorus; also Polybius and, mainly, the following Plutarchean Lives: Pyrrhos, Aratos, Agis and Kleomenes. Εvery two or three weeks the students have to answer questionnaires related to the sources and the subjects examined each time (3-4 questionnaires, consisting of 7-10 questions each). The aim is for the students to acquire a basic knowledge of the sources and thus proceed to analysis in class.
Assessment of the students is based on their answers to the afore-mentioned questionnaires (30%), on a long essay (c.2000 words; 35%) and on a written examination (35%). In the case of failure in either the long essay or in the written examination, students are reassessed in the failed elements of assessment in September.