PHILIP AND ALEXANDER THE GREAT: THE MARCH TOWARDS THE EAST
Teaching Staff: Mataraga Kalomira
Course Code: ΙΑΕ202
Course Type: Compulsory Elective
Course Level: Undergraduate
Course Language: Greek
Delivery method: In the classroom
Macedonia before Philip II - Macedonia under Philip ( Philip’s accession to the Macedonian Throne. The reorganization of the kingdom of Macedonia. Macedonian supremacy. “The crisis of the city-state?”) - Interstate relations in the 4th c. - Alexander and the conquest of the East (Alexander as Philip’s successor. Alexander as Darius’ successor. The deification of Alexander) - Alexander’s achievement.
Objectives - Learning Outcomes:
The aim of this module is to acquaint the students with the main issues of the period through the study of primary sources. We seek to examine the main causes that led the emergence of the Macedonian State as a dominant power and the establishment of the Macedonian supremacy in Greece during the reign of Philip and the first years of the reign of Alexander. The course follows attentively Alexander’s campaigns in the East and offers a detailed account of his policy and of the many aspects of his personality.
On successfully completing the course the students will have acquired a working knowledge of the facts of Philip’s reign and will be able to research the evidence concerning Alexander’s life and deeds and understand the causes and conditions of his rise to power. The students will also be able to assess the different interpretations of the consequences of his conquests and of his legacy proposed by modern scholars.
Week 1: Introduction to the Late Classical Period - Sources and Bibliography.
Week 2: Geography, resources and institutions of Macedonia - Macedonia before Philip II - The Macedonian monarchy.
Week 3: The beginning of Philip’s reign: The rise and expansion of Macedon.
Week 4: The pillars of Philip’s policy - Philip and the ‘making of Macedonia’.
Week 5: Philip and the Greek states - The expansion of the Macedonian realm - Philip and Athens.
Week 6: The battle of Chaeronea and its consequences - The ‘League of Corinth’ - Philip’s last years and his achievement.
Week 7: Alexander as Philip’s successor - His ascent to power - The initial military engagements - Alexander and the Greek cities.
Week 8: Alexander’s expedition in Persia - The conquest of Asia Minor and of the Mediterranean coast.
Week 9: The conquest of Egypt - From Egypt to Persepolis - The battle of Gaugamela and political dominion.
Week 10: Alexander’s eastern conquests - Alexander’s policy as a successor to the Great King - The ‘proskynesis’ crisis – The relations between Alexander and the Macedonians in his army (330-327/6).
Week 11: Alexander in India - The end of the Asian campaign - Return to Babylon - Organization of the Eastern Empire.
Week 12: Alexander’s final arrangements in 324-3 (Alexander’s Policy: ‘The policy of fusion’ - Discharge of veteran soldiers – Alexander and the Greek cities: The repatriation of the exiles and his ‘deification’).
Week 13: Alexander’s Empire (Administration - Alexander’s ‘cities’ – organization and expansion of the army) - The legacy and the legend of ‘a hero’.
- J. Gehrke, Geschichte des Hellenismus. Ε. Will, Cl. Mossé & P. Goukowsky, Le monde grec et l'Orient (II). N. G. L. Hammond, G. T. Griffith, F.W. Walbank, A History of Macedonia: 336-167 B.C. N. G. L. Hammond, The Macedonian State: The Origins, Institutions, and History. N. G. L. Hammond, Philip of Macedon. N. G. L. Hammond, Sources for Alexander the Great. M. M. Austin, The Hellenistic World from Alexander to the Roman Conquest. Ph. Harding, From the end of the Peloponnesian War to the battle of Ipsus. P. J. Rhodes & R. Osborne, Greek Historical Inscriptions: 404 - 323 BC. N. G. L. Hammond, Alexander the Great. King, Commander, Statesman. G. T. Griffith, Alexander the Great. The Main Problems. E. N. Borza, The Impact of Alexander. R. Lane Fox, Alexander the Great. P. Green, Alexander of Macedon 356-323. A. B. Bosworth, Conquest and Empire: The Reign of Alexander the Great. J. F. C. Fuller, The Generalship Of Alexander The Great. R. Stoneman, Alexander the Great: A Life in Legend. Α. R. Burn, Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic Empire. P. Cartledge, Alexander the Great: The Hunt for a New Past. Cl. Mossé, Alexander: Destiny and Myth. P. Goukowsky, Essai sur les origines du mythe d’Alexandre (336-27 av. J.-C).
The course is lecture-based and it involves a critical discussion with the students and the analysis of written evidence. Further materials (maps, literary texts, inscriptions) related to the topics examined in each lecture will be distributed.